What Bible study method do you use? Do you feel confident when you open your Bible or a bit unsure? You can approach God’s Word with confidence that you can understand it and with anticipation knowing God will teach you something about Himself.
Although there are numerous good systems for studying Scripture, all of the correct ways will have one goal in common – to discover what God originally meant when He wrote it and how He wants to apply His truths to an individual’s life today. There are infinite ways God may apply a passage to our lives, but only ONE original meaning. The simple inductive Bible study method I share below is essentially what I do every day when I open my Bible, whether I have a few minutes or a big chunk of time. (See also “Only Have 15 Minutes for a Quiet Time?”)
There are some general guidelines to keep in mind in order to properly understand any passage. For instance, we must recognize the biblical genre and the context of the passage. And, to keep the proper perspective, we must always keep in mind that God’s Word is first and foremost about God. (For more info, see “Are You Reading the Bible All Wrong?”)
The 4 R Bible study method is a basic way to dig a little deeper into any biblical passage. Although they can enhance your study, you don’t need extra tools or resources. All you need is your Bible and a humble, teachable attitude. The “R” repetition makes it easy to remember! You can literally take it anywhere! (Click here to get a printable PDF of the 4 R Bible study method.)
My “Deep Rooted” devotional book series is formatted around the 4 R Bible study method. Find out more about “Deep Rooted: Growing through the Gospel of Mark“, “Deep Rooted: Growing through the Book of Acts,” or “Deep Rooted: Growing through the Book of Romans.”
See this post for a video teaching of the 4 R Bible study Method
4 R Bible Study Method
- Have a plan– A reading plan will help with consistency and context, cutting down on frustration with your daily time with God. It’s always easier to begin reading if you know where you’ll be reading when you open your Bible. (I have several free Bible reading plans right here on my site. Check out the Free Resources page! And… If you’d like some structure, encouragement and accountability in your daily Bible reading, check out my Facebook group, “Reading the Bible Together.”)
- Read multiple times– God’s Word is packed with wonderful things. It’s easy to miss details and even deep spiritual truth with just one reading. Choose a Bible reading plan that has daily readings manageable enough to give you time to read the passage two or three times.
- Read in different translations – If you have time, reading in different translations will also increase understanding. (Also see “Why are there so many Bible Translations?” and “3 Steps to Help You Choose a New Bible.”)
2. RECORD (Observation step)
Please don’t ask what the Scripture “means to you.” (Major pet peeve by the way…) Every Scripture passage in the Bible has ONE meaning – what God meant when the Scripture was first written. Our goal in this step is to carefully observe the text and record what we find. To see what the passage says. (Side note: Before you begin observing, make sure you understand the context of the passage. If you aren’t sure what this mean, check out this post: “4 Things to Consider for Biblical Context.”)
Things to Record
Although you may not find every one of the following in every passage, here are some things you should look for in each passage:
- Truths about God– The Bible is first and foremost a book about God. He is everywhere – in every passage, on every page. It may be blatant or subtle, but He will be there. Looks for truths about His nature, His character, His ways, and His purposes.
- Key Words & Phrases– Repetition in God’s Word is not accidental. If you see words and phrases repeated, take note. God is trying to point to something important.
- Important facts – Mark any facts you see in the passage that will help you understand what’s happening. Things like people, places, numbers can be key to comprehension.
- Commands – The Bible is full of commands. Some are one-time commands for specific individuals at a specific time. Others are for all God’s people for all time. For instance, “love one another” is applicable to us today!
- Spiritual principles– There will be a lot of overlap here with “truths about God.” However, eternal spiritual principles impact our daily lives. For instance, Psalm 1 teaches that those who meditate constantly on God’s Word will thrive spiritually and live fruitful lives for God’s Kingdom.
- Contrasts, comparisons, & word picture – All these literary devices shed light on the spiritual truths in the passage. Therefore, making a list or a table could help your comprehension.
(See “10 Observation Tips“ for a longer list!) Depending on your preference, you can mark these in your Bible, takes notes in a journal, or record them in some other way. I use a journaling Bible with an extra-wide, lined journaling column. I make study notes there and I use a highlighting system to help me observe the passage. (For more on my highlighting method see “Bible Highlighting for More Effective Study.”)
3. REFLECT (Interpretation step)
Although God’s Word has endless application, there is just one meaning. Look back over your recorded observations to help you recognize and understand God’s original meaning of the passage. (In some Bible study methods, this step is referred to as “interpretation.”) As you reflect on your observations, also consider how things like the context, literary genre, and the main story of the Bible impacts the meaning. (For more help see “4 Tips to Help You Understand the Bible.“)
4. RESPOND (Application step)
Knowledge of God’s Word is never the end game. Application that leads to spiritual transformation is always our goal. So, once we’ve read and understood, let’s ask God to show us how to apply these truths to our lives. God tells us some of the ways He wants to use His Word in our lives:
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work. 2 Timothy 3:16-17
In this passage, we see four broad categories for life application. (For more on this, see “4 Ways You Can Apply Scripture to Your Life.”)
- Teaching (doctrine) – Correct our thinking. God wants us to hold correct beliefs about Him, salvation, His church, and His kingdom. Correct thinking leads to correct behavior.
- Reproof (rebuke) – Repent of any sin in our lives. God’s Word reveals what’s wrong and call us to stop wrong behavior.
- Correction (obedience) – God’s Word also instills right behavior by giving us commands and principles to follow.
- Training (spiritual growth) – God uses Scripture to shape our character and underlying attitudes.
What’s your favorite way to study the Bible?
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This is excellent Kathy! Everyone should have this tucked away in their bible! Thanks for your wisdom.
Hi Mary! Thanks for coming by! I’m glad you find the information helpful!
Thanks Kathy – Love this! Love also one meaning…many applications!
I like that too. I’ve seen so many people take scripture out of context and it changes the meaning to fit their needs. One meaning is exactly what it is.
I’ve just printed this off and will use it and also send a copy to my son!
Oh good! I’m glad you find it helpful!
It is amazing to have a well articulated guidelines on how one can deepen himself in Godly living through Bible study.
May the Almighty God continue blessing and revealing great things upon you.
Thanks God servant Kathy,,,,this is very helpful
Thanks Kathy, this is amazing.
Kathy, I’d love to share this method with our study group. May I?
Yes, of course! You may find the video teaching useful too! The link is in the blog.
Thank you, Kathy. Will this new study be in the current Facebook group–I already subscribe so will watch for your emails.
Thank you Kathy! There are so many different study methods and I’ve tried a few! This one makes more sense and seems simpler than others I have used. I’m in a Bible study group called “Glimpses of God through the Bible”. I think the 4 R’s will benefit our group and help us stay focused on seeing God rather than seeing me in our studies.
Hi Darlene! Thanks for commenting. I’d love to hear how your group does with the 4 Rs. Please let me know if you have any questions!